Private Drinking Water

The Environmental Health Unit will provide technical assistance to property owners regarding their private water supply. Water supply sources include dug or drilled wells, ponds, and springs.

Testing & Advice

If necessary, we can provide instructions to disinfect your well (PDF) or recommend additional testing to be performed by a private certified lab (PDF). We can also help you make an informed decision on whether or not you need to drill a new well, add water treatment, or upgrade your existing treatment system to better serve your needs.

Drilling Regulations

The New York State Department of Environmental Conservation regulates water well drillers in the state, Visit their website for more information. You may also view an up-to-date list of registered well drillers.


If you choose to install or are required to install continuous disinfection, your choices are chlorination (PDF) or ultraviolet light (PDF). If your home is supplied with surface water or a shallow dug well, it is recommended that filtration (PDF) be installed.